- January 9th, 2015
Price of EU Carbon to Rise 62% in 2015 to Cut Pollution
The price of carbon emission permits in EU member states is forecast to rise on average by 62 percent in 2015 as part of steps taken by the Union to end the over-supply of carbon allowances which has led to increased pollution.
According to an analysis based on data collected from industry experts, the cost of permits is expected to more than double in 2015 with a rise of 62 percent by June.
“Because most governments selling allowances have a vested interest in higher prices, it will happen,” a former head of carbon at Barclays Plc was quoted as saying, adding that “painful” swings in prices were probable.
The European Union is taking steps to curb the surplus of carbon allowances. This surplus has significantly undermined carbon prices, removing deterrents to coal, the greatest pollutant.
The EU has proposed a solution to the problem, to take the form of a Market Stability Reserve (MSR), which will take effect in 2021. As explaining on the EU Commission’s website, under this MRS scheme, the number of permits auctioned will be adjusted demanding on the needs of the markets. If oversupply occurs, excess allowances will be put into the ‘reserve’, to be accessed if shortages arise, thus creating a demand-supply balance.
To begin addressing the problem, 900 million tons of carbon emission allowances have been withheld from actions to take place through 2016. This is a short-term measure, introduced to stimulate demand. It is expected that these allowances will be returned in 2019 or 2020. There is an accumulated excess in the system of over 2.1 billion tons, as of the end of 2013.
However, the MSR will require approval from the European Parliament and support from a majority of EU member state governments in order to be enacted.
The EU has set a target of cutting carbon emissions by 20 percent by 2020, to curb the negative impacts of such emissions on climate change. The EU Commission’s aim, as declared on their official website, is to shift to a low-carbon economy. During the latest round of climate change talks in Lima, Peru, it was agreed that all UN member states would submit their pledges on emissions cuts by the next summit in 2015.